Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. This disease is very common, it affects more than 80% of the population and it is the most common periodontal disease.
This disease is triggered by a build-up of bacteria and tartar around the teeth. These bacteria are dental plaque, which is sought to be removed with each tooth brushing and scaling at the dentist. Gingivitis is usually not painful but can progress and get worse, causing loss of teeth.
Early consultation with a dentist is essential because if left untreated in time, gingivitis is likely to degenerate into periodontitis (deeper involvement of the supporting tissue of the tooth). The affection can even go up to the dislocation, even to tooth loss.
Bleeding gums, especially during brushing
Swelling and redness of the gums
When to consult a dentist?
Start by consulting a dentist to do a complete scaling, which will eliminate all bacteria present on the teeth. Given the gum fragility, it is important to always consult a doctor if there is any doubt about the type of gingivitis and if there is no improvement following treatment. Since the problem is frequently related to an internal deficiency or a bad habit such as smoking, only a doctor or a dentist will know the true source of the inflammation.
Communicate with a health professional
During your trip abroad, you may have to deal with self-medication issues. Depending on the symptoms observed and/or your pathology, you may decide to consult a doctor or visit a pharmacy or para pharmacy/drugstore.
At the beginning of the interview with the pharmacy team, it will sometimes be necessary to report to the pharmacist or his team, specific points related to your state of health:
My allergies (food, pollen, medication, etc.)
Poorly supported medicines
Doubts or difficulties in following a particular treatment
All my treatments, not to mention those taken on my initiative or occasionally (medicinal plants, dietary supplements, over-the-counter medicines, etc.)
Pregnancy or desire for pregnancy
Hello, I have gingivitis, can you give me some medicines, please?
Bonjour, j'ai une gingivite, pourriez-vous me donner des médicaments, s'il vous plaît?
What form is the medicine in (tablets, capsules, sachets, etc.)?
Sous quelle forme se présente le médicament (comprimés, gélules, sachets, …) ?
How to take the medication (doses, schedules, diet)? Do I need to take it or take them regularly? What should I do if I miss a dose? When will the drug start to work?
Comment prendre le ou les médicaments (doses, horaires, alimentation) ? Dois-je le ou les prendre régulièrement ? Que devrai-je faire si j’oublie une dose ? Quand le médicament commencera-t-il à agir ?
Are there any foods, drinks or activities that I should avoid while taking this medication?
Y a-t-il des aliments, des boissons ou des activités que je dois éviter pendant que je prends ce médicament ?
What are the possible risks and side effects associated with this medication and which would require me to see a doctor immediately?
Quels sont les risques et les effets secondaires possibles liés à ce médicament et lesquels nécessiteraient que je consulte immédiatement un médecin?
Are there any special precautions to follow?
Y a-t-il des précautions particulières à respecter ?
How do I keep this medication?
Comment conserver ce médicament ?
Can I combine alternative treatments (homeopathy, plants)?
Puis-je associer des traitements alternatifs (homéopathie, plantes) ?
Can I take this medication if I am pregnant or breast-feeding?
Est-ce que je peux prendre ce médicament si je suis enceinte ou si j’allaite ?
A particular topic to address (travel location, vaccination, etc.)
Wash your teeth after each meal.
Avoid smoking, which promotes the development of gingivitis.
Avoid foods that are too high in sugar and prefer a healthy diet.
Stop the stress. It decreases immune defenses and disrupts daily life. We forget like this the brushing phase after the meal.
Medicines that may be used
Medicines that may be used after discussion and validation with health professional could be found below: